People First


We were recently fortunate to be asked to deliver a bespoke and targeted training package on behalf of the Military.  PENCARI Training quickly identified that the team’s we were training had previously received a plethora of predominantly classroom based training, along with a considerable amount of ‘gifted’ equipment and technology. Although these previous initiatives were well intended, we weren’t convinced that this was the best approach. So we focused our attention on what we believe is the most important asset in any Unit or team, regardless of that team being from a military, law enforcement or even NGO background – the individual.

Adapted Instr

The Human Element is our first pillar of training ethos putting the person first. Improving that individual and ensuring that they can be the very best that they can be, ultimately enhancing the overall team’s capability and preventing what we commonly see as an over reliance on technology…..

PENCARI Training achieve ISO 9001:2015 Certification


Dorset based defence and security training provider has achieved certification to the internationally recognised ISO 9001:2015 standard, establishing it as one of the leaders in its field.


This independent assessment was conducted by the British Assessment Bureau, a leading Certification Body, and demonstrates PENCARI’s commitment to customer service and quality training delivery.

PENCARI Training has now earned the right to display the coveted British Assessment Bureau quality shield and ISO 9001:2015 logo to demonstrate its conformance to the standard.

ISO 9001 was first introduced in 1987 and requires organisations to demonstrate that they do what they say they do, and that they have a Quality Management System in place to ensure consistency and improvement; leading to high levels of performance and customer satisfaction. Certified organisations are committed to continuous improvement and are assessed to ensure progress is being maintained.

PENCARI has shown they have good service reliability and process controls, which means lower costs for its customers!

PENCARI’s Founding Director, Dean Williams said, “we’re particularly pleased to have achieved ISO 9001:2015 certification as it underlines our commitment to our customers and our focus on quality training delivery. Not many customers get to see their training provider’s ‘back office’ activities. This recognition demonstrates that we can provide a quality solution from initial needs analysis to training delivery and consultancy and beyond”.

The benefits of certification to ISO 9001 include:

  • Streamlining an organisation’s procedures;
  • Bringing consistency to an organisation’s service delivery;
  • Reducing cost and rework;
  • Improving an organisation’s management practices;
  • Enhanced status;
  • Competitive advantage;
  • Lower insurance premiums.

PENCARI Training Ltd has a proven and highly successful record in the delivery of bespoke training initiatives to the Defence and Security sector. Their training offers the world’s Government Organisations (Military, Law Enforcement), Non Government Organisations and Commercial Security Companies market leading, responsive analysis and focussed training; preparing their personnel for Military and Civil crisis management operations worldwide and throughout all environments.

PENCARI Is a veteran owned private company employing ex UK service personnel and current serving UK Armed Forces Reservists. It delivers crucial defence and security training to the UK Military and Police as well as the worlds’ Armed forces and Law Enforcement Agencies.

Since its inception in 2011 PENCARI training has consistently delivered training of the very highest standards and is now recognised as one of the UK’s leading providers of bespoke training ensuring that the people who safe guard us in the current fight against terror are safer and more efficient in their day to day operational roles.

“Providing Bespoke Training Solutions in order to prepare today’s Specialists for tomorrow’s uncertainties”

The Human Factor



PENCARI training recently delivered a CIED Sign Awareness course to operators within both the Norwegian Army and the USMC – the photo shows the importance of studying and understanding how “sign” ages, allowing operators to reach an understanding on what is relevant to an IED emplacement and what might be normal pattern of life – great course and a lot of fun working with these real Vikings!

IED Awareness/identification IS NOT all about technology – its about the Human Factor. The guys and girls who function 24/7 in all weather conditions without the need for a battery change or a replacement part…..

Law Enforcement – Pursuit IX Tracking


We were recently privileged to deliver our Law Enforcement Pursuit IX Tracking training to the Netherlands Police Department. They now have a capability that allows them to identify the “action indicators” attributed to criminal or terrorist activity and if required, actively and offensively pursue in all environments in order to successfully arrest or interdict. Great people, who are out there on the streets keeping us safe 24/7.

Thank you and stay safe.


Crimescene: Looking For Shoe-prints? Don’t Look For Shoe-prints!

Although the title may seem contradictory and look like a way to attract attention to this article (and if you’re reading this, it worked!), there’s more to it. Please allow me to explain.

First of all, the correct terminology in the forensic field is footwear outsole impressions. Recovery and examination of footwear impression evidence is an important tool in the forensic investigators’ toolbox and can provide essential evidence in a crime scene investigation. The clearer and more defined an impression is, the higher the chance that specific identifiers, like unique wear patterns, cuts and defects, can be recovered and a specific impression can be tied to a specific boot. A series of impressions can help reconstruct a sequence of events, as well as give an indication of the actions and movement patterns of an individual. Additionally, individual gait specifics may be identified and tied to an individual.

But what if your crime scene is on a substrate that is not conducive to crisp and clear impressions? What if your crime scene is, say, in the middle of a mixed deciduous and coniferous forest?


Mixed forest floors consist of multiple layers of pine needles, leaves, detritus, humus and other debris in several stages of decay. This makes for a very soft, almost cushion-like flooring that absorbs the pressure of contact with a human body part. Also, it will leave no clear impression that will show footwear class information, let alone any specific identifiers. How can we find a usable impression?

If you’re looking for usable outsole impressions, you will have a hard time. This has to do with perception and expectation. If you expect to see a print or (part of) tread marks, you might miss all those small subtle clues that show you someone set a foot on that forest floor. Trackers look for “sign”, which can be defined as “any change from the natural state, inflicted upon the environment by the passage of man, animal or machinery”. There are several characteristics to sign, but the most prominent in this example are what in tracking is called flattening, colour change and disturbance.

Although it probably has been an important part of man’s survival since humans started hunting 2 million years ago and has been an integral part of early religion, tracking and searching for sign is above anything about visual perception and object and pattern recognition. Imagine your brain having file folders with images how objects and shapes and people around you look, a process of constant registration, storing, and learning. In order to create order in the seemingly chaotic world around you, your brain will compare what your eyes see with what is stored in your file folders. When a match is found, you will recognise what you see. “Look, it’s my uncle Bob!”

Understanding this principle helps to understand tracking and how to learn how to see sign in different substrates. By exposing a student tracker to as much sign in different substrates, environmental conditions and age of sign and effectively filling his/her file folders, he/she will be able to learn to see sign in seemingly very difficult terrain.


Back to the pine forest. After being exposed to tracker-based training the forensic investigator may be able to identify the subtle flattening, colour change and general disturbance associated with human impressions. Two kneeling positions identified under and partially on the victim link these specific impressions to the victim. From these sign patterns the investigator is able to identify the entry and exit route of this specific subject. Linking the subtle marks on the ground together into an uninterrupted chain of evidence the investigator is able to retrace the steps of the subject. Stride length, straddle, pressure, dwell time and pitch angle all serve as indicators of the suspects’ actions. Until the investigator hits a “track trap”.



In tracking a track trap is defined as an area conducive to good sign. In this case the subject stepped on an old molehill. The soft, relatively moist sand leaves a very clear impression. As an isolated print this impression would be of limited value, but the investigators’ ability to link the incident to this track through an uninterrupted chain of subtle clues increases the value of this piece of impression evidence, effectively enabling him to link this print to the incident.

If you’re only looking for clear recoverable prints you may miss a potentially large amount of clues and evidence, which may help you reconstruct scenarios, effectively steering your investigation. In some instances these “breadcrumbs” will lead you to a good impression, a secondary crime scene, discarded evidence in an area where the suspect felt safe and dropped his/her “forensic guard”, or maybe even the suspect.

(No humans were hurt during the writing of this article. All pictures were taken during a training scenario.)